Amir is a third year PhD student in Political Science at the University of Toronto, a Junior Fellow at Massey College, and a SSHRC Doctoral Fellow. His work focuses on elaborating a model for quantifying non-Western political cultures based on public opinion surveys, and explaining shifts in systems of ideas in these societies. In so doing, he mainly focuses on Middle Eastern cases and currently writes his PhD dissertation on idea shifts in the Lebanese community of Cote d’Ivoire from Laicité to Islam. In the past, he has published on the ideological development of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and the cultural framing of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood’s activities in Syria during the civil war. Moreover, he is an avid R user for statistical programming and he often translates texts –Medieval to Modern—from Classical Arabic to English and from French to English.